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Carmen Isabella Sandiego is the main character of the eponymous edutainment franchise originally created by software developer Brøderbund. Throughout most of the franchise, she is a master thief and is the founder and leader of the Villainous International League of Evil (code-named V.I.L.E.). However, the 2019 reboot features a new V.I.L.E. that took in a young Carmen Sandiego and trained her to be a thief. In all incarnations, she is relentlessly chased by the ACME Detective Agency.


There are many discrepancies within the franchise about the background of Carmen Sandiego. No single timeline has ever been declared canon, resulting in several different incarnations of the criminal mastermind.

Early Games

In the early games, not much is known about Carmen's background. She is said to have been a former spy for the Intelligence Service of Monaco.[1]

Former ACME Agent

Carmen's backstory was changed and expanded in Time where it was revealed that Carmen used to be an agent at the ACME Detective Agency.[2] At the age of 10, Carmen won a large sum of money on a game show, which she used to travel the world. By age 20, she had been recruited by ACME and partnered with Julia Argent.[3] However, Carmen quickly tired of the ease at which she could catch thieves. She decided to leave ACME and became a master criminal for the thrill of the chase.[4]

Carmen Sandiego when she was an ACME Detective.jpg

1994 Animated Series

Over the course of the series, Earth changed the details of her childhood. This version of Carmen was raised at the Golden Gate Girls' School in San Francisco, California, USA. The Chief took in a young Carmen and made a home for her at ACME. She quickly became the greatest detective the agency had ever seen under the guidance of Suhara. One of her greatest accomplishments was successfully capturing Dr. Gunnar Maelstrom at age 17. Her reasons for leaving ACME are unknown, but she often steals valuable treasures simply for the thrill of the chase. She views thievery as a mind game, not a gateway to riches, and thus, this incarnation of Carmen isn't truly evil, as whenever ACME agents are in actual peril, she will drop everything to save them, then chew out her goons.[5]

The Babble-On Machine and the Quantum Crystallizing Machine

An alternate incarnation of Carmen is presented in both Word Detective and Math Detective. This version is much more ruthless and unforgiving. She plots to steal the ability of natural communication[6] and historical landmarks by shrinking them.[7] To do the former, she kidnaps as many ACME agents as she can and hooks them up to a huge machine. No explanation is given for this dark turn of events.

Netflix Revival

The 2019 revival re-imagines Carmen as a heroic protagonist.[8] In this timeline, Carmen was found as a small girl in Buenos Aires, Argentina with nothing but a set of Matryoshka dolls. Taken in by a V.I.L.E. faculty member, she is raised on the Isle of V.I.L.E. and eventually trained to be a master thief, under the code name "Black Sheep." However, she struggles to maintain the level of maturity expected of her.[9] After discovering that V.I.L.E. trains thieves to steal no matter the cost, she leaves the organization and sets out to take it down. After becoming a renowned international criminal, she is pursued by Interpol, ACME agents, and even by V.I.L.E. itself.[10]


  • Favorite animal: hedgehogs, dogs, and cats.
  • Favorite Astronomer: Nicolas Copernicus
  • Favorite Athlete: Peggy Fleming and Messi
  • Favorite Authors: Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Ursula Le Guin, Jane Austen, and Kazu Kibuishi
  • Favorite Sports: Basketball, Tennis
  • Favorite Genre of Book: Adventure
  • Favorite Genre of Movie: Musical
  • Favorite Genre of Music: 80's
  • Favorite Types of food: Sushi
  • Hobby: Writing stories
  • Preferred Car: Convertible
  • Birthday: March 1
  • Treatment of Henchmen: Doesn't pay them a cent, berates them for incompetence, and sent Jacqueline Hyde to steal the very notion of unions from the past in order to stop potential rebellions.
  • According to Rockapella's song Carmen's Song from the Album Carmen Sandiego: Out of This World, Carmen has a sister.



Carmen has appeared in every entry in the franchise so far. Most storylines prior to the 2019 series involve tracking her down and attempting to catch her.

Video Games

Board Games



External links